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Dornier Do-335 "Pfeil"

By Heinz J.Nowarra, Edward T. Maloney

Photo Description

The second production aircraft of the Dornier Do 335 A-0 series was brought to the United States for inspection following the war.

Do 335 A-1 Werk Number 102 during its stay at the U.S. Navy test center at Patuxent River, Maryland.

After the U.S. Navy intelligence men had studied the Do 335 A-1 it was placed in an inactive area. In 1947 it was given to the National Air Museum where it is held in storage.

The Do 335 A-1 had a wing loading of 41 lbs. per square foot. Later high altitude models had a wing loading of 35 lbs. per square foot.

The Do 335 V-11 (CP + UL) served as the prototype two seater, trainer for the series. The second cockpit was for the pilot instructor.

Dornier Do 335A-10 two seat piggy back conversion trainer. This one was captured by American forces in Germany and given to the British. The aircraft above was on display at the Royal Air Force Captured Enemy Aircraft and Equipment display at Farnborough in April 1946.

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Dornier factory engineers and mechanics pose in front of the 12th production Do 335 A-12 series. It was later modified and became the second prototype of the Do 335 A-10 series.

The Do 335 A-1 full up fighter installation included one 30 m.m. MK. 108 cannon firing through the propeller hub, two 20 m.m. MG 151 machine guns, one on each side of the nose cowling within the propeller arc.

The pilot of the Do 335 A-1 was well protected in the air with a bullet-resistant glass windshield and cockpit enclosure, and an armored bulkhead between the cockpit and main fuel tank in rear.

The Do 335 A-1 Werk Number 102 (VG + PH) at U.S. Navy's Patuxent River Test Center. The rear propeller was jettisonable to enable the pilot to bail out safely.

Cutaway drawing of the Dornier DO 335 A-1

Do 335 Specification

Dornier Do 335 V-11 two seat trainer version inspired the night flight version to repulse De Havilland Mosquito raids on the Reich.

The Dornier Do 335 A-12 as discovered by American Army troops—a big aircraft by any standard. Note how high the aircraft sits off the ground.

U.S. Army Air Force mechanics inspect new Do 335 A-12 on former German airfield April 1945. It was the first time Air Force personnel had had a chance to inspect the Do 335 A close up.

The Dornier Do 335 V-13 served as the prototype for the Do 335 B-1 series intended specifically for the heavy day-fighter role. It was taken to France in 1945 for flight tests. It was the only Dornier model captured with wing armament.

Dornier Do 335 V-13 mounted one MG 20 m.m. cannon in each wing. Heavy firepower from its cannon could have created havoc with Allied bomber formations.

Do 335 V-13 at a French Air Force base south of Paris was test-flown for several months following the war.

Rare aerial photograph of nine Do 335's in various stages of completion at the Dornier factory May 1945.