Aviation of World War II

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TBF "Avenger"



TBF-1C VT-32 Oahu January 16 1944

TBF Avenger - the main torpedo bomber of World War II. First flown on 1 August 1941.

Avenger, as well as all airplanes of Grumman have been well designed and had a reliable design.

The airplane had a good manoeuvrability, therefore already in series production (TBF-1C) one nose 7,62 mm a machine gun have replaced with two on wing.

The Crew has usually consisten from three person, the pilot, bomber and the radio operator. The pilot shot from fixed forward machine guns and dumped a torpedo. The place of bomber was in the lower tail part of a fuselage , he also shot from the under-fuselage machine gun. The radio operator placed behind of the pilot and shot from a machine gun in turret.

Power plant: 14-cylinder radial engine of air cooling Wright R-2600-8 Cyclone 1700 hp (1268 kw).

Total 9836 "Avengers" of various modifications were produced.

TBF-1 Specification
Crew 3
Wing span, m 16.51
Wing area, m² 45.52
Length, m 12.2
Height, m 5.00
PE Wright R-2600-8 Cyclone, hp 1700
Weight, kg:
Empty weight (TBF-1C) 4788
Maximum takeoff weight 7876
Maximum speed, km/h 436
Service ceiling, m 6,830
Service range, km 1,778
2 × 12.7-mm machine guns in the wing and one 7.62-mm machine gun in the turret 2 + 1
Internal bomb load, kg 907
Photo Description
Drawing TBF-1/TBM-1

Drawing TBF-1/TBM-1

Drawing TBM-1C

Drawing TBM-1C

TBF-1C, first half of 1944

The TBF-1C in flight, first half of 1944


  • "Encyclopedia of military engineering" /Aerospace Publising/
  • "American Warplanes of World War II" /under cor. David Donald/
  • "Air War" /# 98, 99. Grumman Avenger/