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N1K "Shiden"

Fighter

Kawanishi

The fighter  Shiden, Kawanishi N1K2-J

The Kawanishi N1K Kyōfū ("Strong Wind", "Rex") is an Imperial Japanese Navy floatplane fighter. The Kawanishi N1K-J Shiden (紫電 "Violet Lightning") was an Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service land-based version of the N1K. Assigned the reporting name "George", the N1K-J was considered by both its pilots and opponents to be one of the finest land-based fighters flown by the Japanese during World War II.

N1K 'Shiden' Specification
N1K1-J N1K2-J
Crew 1 1
Dimensions
Wing span, m 12 11,99
Wing area, m² 23,5 23,48
Length, m 8,88 9,34
Powerplant
1 X PE NK9H Homare-21, Nakajima, hp 1820 1820
Weight, kg:
Empty weight 2897 2657
Maximum takeoff weight 3900 4000
Performance
Speed, km/h maximum 580 594
at altitude, m 5900 5600
Time to 6000m, min 7,8 7,35
Service ceiling, m 12500 10760
Service range, km 1400 1700
Armament
2 × 20-mm cannon, 2 × 7.92 -mm machine guns,
external bomb load, kg
500 500

The Shiden Kai possessed heavy armament as well as surprisingly good maneuverability, due to a mercury switch that automatically extended the flaps during turns. These "combat" flaps created more lift, thereby allowing tighter turns.

Photo Description

Drawing N1k2-J

Kawanishi N1K1 in flight

Shiden N1K1-J, Kawanishi

Shiden N1K2-J, Kawanishi

References

  • "Encyclopedia of military engineering" /Aerospace Publising/
  • "50 best fighters of World War II" /Gennadiy Kornukhin/
Aichi Kawanishi Kawasaki Mansyu Mitsubishi Nakajima Tachikawa Yokosuka Photos & Drawings

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