Aviation of Word War II

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Ar.232

Transport Aircraft

Arado

Arado 232 A0

Ar.232 "Tausendfüßler" ("Centipede") is a military transport aircraft intended for operation from unprepared unpaved sites. Its design provided for an additional chassis of 10-11 pairs of small wheels along the lower part of the fuselage, on which it could steer at low speed, overcoming the trunks of fallen trees up to 15 cm thick and ditches up to 1.5 m wide. The main landing gear consisted of a semi-retractable bow pillars and main pillars retractable into the wing. A feature of the design of the main struts was the ability to tighten up in the process of loading and unloading operations. In this case, the plane was lowered onto the wheels of the additional landing gear, and the rear cargo hatch was at the level of the truck body. After the completion of the work, the main struts raised the aircraft so that during takeoff the additional landing gear did not touch the runway.



Specifications
Ar.232 A-0 Ar.232 B-0
Crew 4-5
Dimenshions
Wing span, m 32.00 33.50
Wing area, m² 138.0 142.6
Length, m 23.52 23.6
Height, m 6.60 5.69
Power Plant
Engines 2 × PE BMW-801 4 × PE BMW-Bramo 323R-2 Fafnir
Power, hp. 2 х 1,600 (1175 kW) 4 х 1,200 (885 kW)
Weight, kg:
Empty 11,135 12780
Normal weight 16,100 20,000
Max takeoff weight 18,600 21,150
Performance
Max speed, km/h at alt Н=4000m 308 305
Cruise speed, km/h at alt H=2000m 290
Service range, km 1,500 1,300
Max rate of climb, m/min 475 285
Service celling, m 7,600 6,900
Loading 2,000 kg of cargo or 8 infantry 6,000 kg of cargo or 24 infantry
Armament
1 × 13 mm (.51 in) MG 131 machine gun mounted in the nose with 500 cart.;
1 × 20 mm MG 151/20 autocannon mounted in an Elektrische Drehlafette EDL 151 dorsal turret;
1-2 × 13 mm (.51 in) MG 131 machine gun mounted in the rear position

Added armament: 8 × 7.92 mm (.312 in) MG 34 machine guns mounted in side windows when transporting infantry.

Bibliography

  • "Aviation of Luftwaffe" /Viktor Shunkov/
  • "Warplanes of the Luftwaffe. Combat aircraft of Hitler's Luftwaffe 1939-1945" /Edited by David Donald/
  • "Encyclopedia of military equipment" /Aerospace Publising/
  • "Military aviation" CD Media 2000

Photo Description

Drawing Arado 232A-0. The power plant consists of two engines, BMW 801 capacity of 1600 hp.

Drawing Arado 232B-0. Power Plant - four engines BMW-Bramo 323R-2 Fafnir, capacity 4 x 1200 hp.

Arado 232A-0.

Arado 232B-0.

Arado 232B-0 before loading.

Arado 232А-0 before takeoff