Aviation of World War II

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Ernst Heinkel

Ernst Heinkel
(1888 – 30 January 1958)

Professor Ernst Heinkel, chapter and designer of firm, pioneer of high-speed flight. He is designer first in the world of the turbojet plane - Heinkel 178.

He-45 Scout and Light Bomber

He-50 Scout Bomber

He-51 Fighter

He-59 Torpedo bomber and rescue aircraft

He-60 Close range reconnaissance seaplane

He-70 Light Reconnaissance Bomber

He-170 Close range reconnaissance aircraft

He-270 Light Reconnaissance Bomber

He-72 Trainer Aircraft

He-172 Trainer Aircraft

He-100 Fighter

He-112 Fighter

He-111 B2 Medium Bomber

He-111 P Medium Bomber

He-111 H Medium Bomber

He-111 H-11 Medium Bomber

He-111 Z-1 Glider Tug

He-114 Reconnaissance Seaplane

He-115 Multipurpose Seaplane

He-116 Transport and Reconnaissance Aircraft

He-118 Dive Bomber

He-119 Multipurpose Seaplane

He-177 A5 Heavy Bomber

He-178 Jet Fighter

He-219 Night Fighter

He-274 High Altitude Heavy Bomber

He-277 Heavy Bomber

He-280 Jet Fighter

He-162 SALAMANDER Jet Fighter-Interceptor


Heinkel He-100 for the USSR

Heinkel 112. Combat Use.

Не-177 Modifications

Не-177. Combat Use

Everything says that Hitler won his first bloodless battle in 1938 thanks to the Luftwaffe. Huge and multi-year cash infusions did their job - by 1938 Germany had become a strong enough state to afford to break the Versailles Pact. In the wake of the success of the Anschluss of Austria, Hitler posed another problem to Europe in the form of a claim to the Sudetenland - a part of Czechoslovakia bordering on Germany, provoking in September 1938 the Munich crisis, more commonly known in our country as the Munich Agreement.

At this time, the Third Reich itself was on the verge of a political and economic crisis, and in the event of a war, Germany would not have held out for more than a few weeks. It did not come to war in 1938, as European governments were paralyzed by fear of the Luftwaffe and, above all, of German bombers. In the opinion of the Allies, the strike of German bombers could not withstand any leading state in Europe, and even more so "some kind of" Czechoslovakia.

At the time of the Munich Agreement, the Luftwaffe had 3200 aircraft, including 1235 bombers. The backbone of German bomber aviation was 570 He 111, with which eight bomber regiments were armed: KG 152, 154, 155, 157, 253.254, 257 and 355. KG 154 "Boelcke" (formerly KG 157) flew on He 111 from the winter of 1936 of the year. If we compare the forces of the Luftwaffe with the forces of the Allied Air Force, then the comparison would not come out in favor of Germany. After all, France had 3650 aircraft. England - 3300. and Czechoslovakia - 1500. Of this Allied air armada, 4050 aircraft were on the 1st line, including 1850 bombers. Of course, the Allied aircraft were already outdated, but the numerical superiority was still on their side.

But the governments of France and England were crushed by the experience of the war in Spain and the warnings of their advisers. RAF chief of staff Sholto Douglas was more and more afraid of the German Heinkels every day, and the commander of the French AdA, General Vuillemin, suggested to his prime minister that the French aviation would cease to exist within a few days of the war. But both of them were surpassed by Colonel Charles Lindbergh (Lindbergh was an American with pro-Nazi views and an ardent supporter of the Douai theory. For Nazi Germany, his activities in the fall of 1938 were invaluable ), who, at every opportunity, knocked out his interlocutors on the spot with invented facts about the power of the Luftwaffe, which, according to him, could not only deal with the Air Force of England and France, but also turn the capitals of both countries into ashes and destroy their statehood. The blackmailed ministers, terrified by visions in which hordes of German bombers methodically wiped out London and Paris, overshadowing the sky, broke down and gave Czechoslovakia to Hitler.

If the Fuehrer had even a drop of honor, he should have made Ernst Heinkel and the Gunther brothers rich in gold for the fact that their bombers won this political battle (He 111 acquired his fame, mainly during the Spanish Civil War. For the public, this the plane became a symbol of the massacre in Guernica and Barcelona (3300 civilian casualties) .Therefore, when they talked about German bombers at that time, they meant, first of all, He 111.