Aviation of Word War II

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He-280

Jet Fighter

Heinkel

He 280V3 GJ+CB

In the winter of 1939, after work on the He-178 was stopped, the Heinkel company received an order to develop a project for a twin-engined He-280. According to the project, this aircraft was equipped with the most powerful engines at that time, He S-8A and He S-30A, which were still under development.

Problems with these engines led to the fact that the first prototype had no engines at all and in the first test flight on September 22, 1940, it was raised to a height by the He-111 aircraft. By March 1941, the He-S-8 engines were finally ready for installation, and on April 2, 1942, the aircraft made its first independent flight. The pilot Fritz Schufer gave the aircraft a low rating, since the thrust of the engines was only 500 kgf. By the beginning of 1943, the engine thrust was increased to 600 kg. But even with BMW-109-003 engines, the plane did not make a good impression, therefore it did not go into mass production and soon gave way to the Messershtitt Me-262 aircraft.


                                                                                                                                                                                                              
Specification
Crew 1
Dimensions
Wing span, m 12
Length, m 10.4
Powerplant
2 ? TJE HeS-8A, thrust, kgs 2 ? 600
Weight, kg:
Maximum takeoff weight 4340
Performance
Maximum speed at altitude 6458m, km/h 800
Armament
-  
Drawing He 280

Bibliography

  • "Aviation of Luftwaffe" /Viktor Shunkov/
  • "Encyclopedia of military engineering" /Aerospace Publising/