Aviation of WWII
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Luftwaffe Junkers Junkers in the USSR Ju 52 Ju 52/3m Ju 86 Ju 86P Ju 87A Ju 87B1 Ju 87B2 Ju 87D Ju 87G Ju 87R Ju 88A Ju 88C Ju 88D Ju 88G Ju 188 Ju 287 Photos & Drawings

Ju 88A, B

High-Speed Medium Bomber

Junkers

Ju 88A

This airplane extremely necessary for Germany has been designed as a high-speed horizontal and diving bomber.

For the first time having taken aloft in December, 1936, it started to go into service in 1939. The first mass modification of this airplane became Ju-88A, in quantity more than 7000 aircrafts were built. At versions of this modification (till Ju-88A-17 inclusive) it was constantly increased power of the engine, the armament amplified. Long - range reconnaissance aircraft Ju-88D in quantity 1450 and a small amount of reconnaissance aircrafts Ju-88H with radial engines BMW 801 power 1700 hp were built.

Long - range bomber Ju-88S too was produced in enough modest quantities and could be equipped with radial or V-shaped engines. The total in 15000 built aircrafts Ju-88 of all models in the best way speaks about value of this aircraft.

Variants

Ju 88A

Junkers Ju 88 A-4 Main bomber type with Jumo 211 engines.

Ju 88 A-0 Pre-production aircraft.

Ju 88 A-1 Initial production variant. 895 kW (1,200 hp) Jumo 211B-1 engines

Ju 88 A-2 Jumo 211 G-1 engines.

Ju 88 A-3 Conversion trainer. Dual controls and throttles, various instruments duplicated.

Ju 88 A-4 Improved variant. Longer wingspan, due to redesigned wingtips. Stronger defensive armament. Power provided by Jumo 211 J-1 or J-2 engines (1410 hp) driving wooden bladed propellers. Reinforced undercarriage. Provision for four external bomb racks.

Ju 88 A-5. This version actually predates the A-4. Earlier models of Ju 88 upgraded with longer wings and other equipment. Jumo 211B-1, G-1 or H-1 engines all rated at 1,200 hp for take-off.

Ju 88 A-6 Was equipped with a balloon cable fender. A counterweight was mounted in the rear fuselage. Extremely vulnerable to fighter interception, most reverted to the normal A-5 version, fender and counterweight removed.

Ju 88 A-7 Dual control trainer based on the A-5

Ju 88 A-8 This version had balloon cable cutting capabilities, crew reduced to three, Jumo 211F-1 engines

Ju 88 A-11 Factory built tropical version

Ju 88 A-12 Dual control trainer. Ventral gondola, dive brakes and all armament removed.

Ju 88 A-13 Low level assault version. Dive brakes and bomb sight removed. Additional armor for crew, engines and fuel tanks. Armament consisted of bombs and up to 16 MG 17 housed in pods.

Ju 88 A-14 An improved A-4 version, more armor for the crew, Kuto-Nase balloon cable cutters, MG FF cannon in the ventral gondola, bomb sight removed.

Ju 88 A-15 Based on the A-4, it featured an enlarged wooden bomb bay, capable of holding 3 tons of bombs. Ventral gondola removed, only two defensive MGs. It was rejected as the bomb bay "bulge" caused too much drag and a thus a reduction in speed.[51]

Ju 88 A-16 Dual control trainer based on the A-14

Ju 88 A-17 Dedicated torpedo bomber, no ventral gondola. One PVC torpedo rack under each wing replaced the two bomb racks. A long housing on the starboard side of the nose contained the torpedo aiming mechanisms. Crew of three.

Ju 88B Prototype with all-new fully glazed "stepless" crew compartment nose, developed into Junkers Ju 188.

Ju 88 B-0 10 pre-production aircraft with "stepless" fully glazed nose.

Specification
Crew 4
Dimensions
Wing span, m 22
Length, m 14,4
Height, m 4,8
Powerplant
2 X Jumo-211J-1/2, hp 1410
Weight, kg:
Empty weight 8620
Maximum takeoff weight 14120
Performance
Maximum speed, km/h 470
Time to 5400m, min 23
Service ceiling, m 8200
Service range, km 2730
Armament
6 X 2x7.92-mm machine guns  

References

  • "Aviation of Luftwaffe" /Viktor Shunkov/
  • "Encyclopedia of military engineering" /Aerospace Publising/
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