Aviation of Word War II

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Ju 88D

Reconnaissance aircraft

Junkers

Ju 88D2

Ju-88 D In the middle of 1940, the Luftwaffe command and the Junkers design team began to create a reconnaissance modification of the Ju 88 aircraft. The new machine was supposed to replace the Dornier Do 17P aircraft, which were used for reconnaissance at that time. The reconnaissance aircraft created on the basis of the Ju 88A was given the designation Ju 88D. Even before the serial production of Ju 88D machines began, a number of bombers were hastily converted into reconnaissance aircraft. The converted vehicles were designated as Ju 88A-1 (F) and Ju 88A-5 (F) (the letter F is short for Fernaufklaerungs (long-range reconnaissance)). The converted aircraft had their outer and inner bomb racks and air brakes removed. The four-leaf doors of the bomb bay were replaced with double-leaf ones. Two cameras were installed on the left side of the rear bomb bay, and one on the right side. An additional fuel tank with a capacity of 1450 liters was placed in the front bomb bay. In addition to three cameras fixed in the bomb bay, a small hand-held camera was placed in the cockpit.

The first scouts converted from bombers entered service in 1940.

In 1940, German aircraft builders produced 330 Ju 88D reconnaissance aircraft. The reconnaissance equipment consisted of the Robot Rb 70/30 or Rb 50/30 cameras, designed for shooting from high altitudes, and the Rb 20/30 camera, which was used for photographing from low altitudes.

Various modifications of the Ju 88D slightly differed from each other in the way the photographic equipment was installed. On the Ju 88D-0 and early Ju 88D-1, the camera lenses protruded beyond the hull lines and were covered by an anti-reflective system. On Ju 88D-2 and Ju 88D-4 aircraft, the lenses did not protrude beyond the fuselage contours.

Junkers 88D-0, D-2. In the middle of 1940, the Junkers plant in Dessau produced a trial series of reconnaissance aircraft Ju 88D-0. A few weeks later, the production of the Ju 88D-2 series began. Both versions were based on the Ju 88A-5. Ju 88D-0 aircraft were equipped with Jumo 211B-1 engines, and Ju 88D-2 aircraft were equipped with Jumo 211G-1 or 211H-1 engines. Additional drop fuel tanks with a total capacity of 300 liters were suspended on bomb racks under the wings. The first new scouts Ju 88D-0 received l. (F) / 122, and Ju 88D-2 - l. (F) / 123.

Junkers 88 D-1. At the beginning of 1941, the first Ju 88D-1 aircraft were built, based on the Ju 88A-4 bomber. Three cameras were installed on the aircraft, but in practice only two were used, located on the left side of the bomb bay. The Ju 88D-1s could carry bombs like regular Ju 88A-4s. A system was provided for heating cameras with exhaust gases from a running engine. The bomb bay with cameras was separated from the rear fuselage by a removable partition. On external ETC bomb racks, Ju 88D-1 aircraft could carry bombs or drop fuel tanks.

Junkers 88D-3. Aircraft Ju 88D-3, which is a variant of the Ju 88D-1, were adapted for operation in tropical conditions. The Ju 88D-3 was equipped with air filters on the air intakes of carburetors and radiators, and was also equipped with desert survival equipment. In the field, several serial Ju 88D-1s were converted in a similar way, which received the designation Ju 88D-1 Tgor (Tgor is an abbreviation for the word Tropisch (tropical)).

Junkers 88D-4. The Ju 88D-4 was a tropical version of the Ju 88D-2. At first, such aircraft were designated Ju 88D-2 Tgor.

Junkers 88D-5. The last variant of the Ju 88D aircraft was the Ju 88D-5, powered by Jumo 211G or 211H engines. The VDM screw, which was used before, was replaced with a Junker VS 11 screw. Two cameras were installed on the reconnaissance aircraft.



Ju-88C Specification
Ju 88C-4 Ju 88C-6 Ju 88D-1 Ju 88D-5
Crew 3 3 4 4
Dimensions
Length, m 14.96 14.96 14.36 14.45
Height, m 5.07 5.07 5.07 5.07
Wing span, m 20.08 20.08 20.08 20.08
Wing area m² 54.7 54.7 54.7 54.7
Weight, kg:
Loaded weight 8000 9069 8480 -
Maximum takeoff weight - 12105 - 11300
Powerplant
Engine 2x Jumo 211F 2x Jumo 211J 2x Jumo 211B 2x Jumo 211J
Power, kW/h p at sea level 1045/1420 1038/1410 865/1175 1038/1410
normal   780/1060 - 780/1060
at altitude, m   5200 - 5200
Performance
Maximum speed km/h 495 494 475 480
at altitude, m - 5300 - -
Service ceiling, m 9,600 9,900 8,600 8,700
Service range, km 3,050 1,038 2,950 3,100
Armament
Cannon 1xMG 15
1xMG 1xMG FF
3xMG 17
1xMG 81Z
3xMG17
3xMG 151/20
3xMG 15 2x MG 17
Radar FuG 16, FuG 25 FuG 16, FuG 25 FuG 16, FuG 25 FuG 16, FuG 25, FuG 200
Photo Description
Ju 88D-0, summer 1940, Norway

The Ju-88D-0 from l.(Fern.)/Aufklarungsgruppe-122, summer 1940, Norway

Ju-88D at winter

Ju-88D at winter

Ju-88D from 2./Aufklarungsgruppe-122, Russia

Ju-88D from 2./Aufklarungsgruppe-122, Russia

In detail

Bibliography

  • "Aviation of Luftwaffe" /Viktor Shunkov/
  • "Encyclopedia of military engineering" /Aerospace Publising/
Ju-88 in flight