Aviation of World War II
Ju 88 Mistel
Air Strike System
On June 17, 1942, the technical management of the German Ministry of Aviation discussed the possibility of creating an integrated strike system as part of an unmanned Ju 88 filled with explosives and a single-engine fighter, the pilot of which was supposed to control the entire system from the moment of takeoff to finding a target and transferring it to a dive to the target. ... Further, the fighter was supposed to separate from the Ju 88 and return to its airfield, and the bomber, held by the autopilot on the course and glide path, was to explode on impact with the earth's surface. However, it took time before the implementation of this system in metal. Only in February 1944 was the technical design of the system finally approved.
At the end of 1943, Junkers received an order to convert 15 Ju 88A into the Mistel version, and the entire system received the code designation Beethoven.
The warhead of the system was successfully tested on the old French target battleship "Ocean" in the second half of 1943. Experiments were also carried out to destroy fortifications. The final stage of warhead testing was carried out at Peenemünde in April-May 1944.
In total, during the Second World War, about 250 Mistels of all modifications were produced.
"Mistels" were supposed to be used to destroy industrial enterprises of the USSR as part of Operation Iron Hammer at the turn of 1943 - 1944. However, by the time they were ready, the Soviet troops had already approached Germany itself, and the Mistels had to be used in the last months of the war, mainly to destroy the water crossings across the Oder.
July 19, 2019
July 18, 2019