Aviation of Word War II

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C.440 Goeland

Medium Transport Aircraft

Caudron

C.445

C.440 Goeland - high-speed, economical and comfortable transport aircraft of small passenger capacity. Structurally, it was a twin-engine cantilever low-wing aircraft, combining efficiency with high aerodynamic qualities. The first flight of the C.440 prototype on 5 March 1935.

The two-spar wing was made of pine and plywood, which was used as the skin. The fuselage structure was mostly wooden and had plywood skin, with the exception of the nose and upper dome, which were covered with metal sheets. The cantilever tail assembly also had a wooden structure covered with plywood, and the steering surfaces were linen sheathing.

In the basic version, the plane had a comfortable cabin for six passengers. The commander and co-pilot, who was also a flight radio operator, were located side by side in a cockpit equipped with dual controls. Luggage compartments were located at the front and rear of the fuselage, and the toilet was at the rear of the passenger cabin.

Various versions of the Goeland aircraft were mass-produced until the outbreak of World War II, with the C.445 remaining the main one. Serial production continued during the years of the German occupation, 810 aircraft were built. In addition to many private buyers, the C.440 was also purchased by the national armed forces, the French (Aéromaritime, Régie Air Afrique, Air France).

A total of 1702 Goeland aircraft of all modifications (described below, 1446 aircraft) were built. Production of the С.445M ceased in 1948, and in the mid-1950s the Goeland was removed from service with the French Air Force.

C.445M Specifications
Crew 2
Dimensions
Wing span, m 17.59
Wing area, m² 42.00
Length, m 13.68
Height, m 3.40
Powerplant
2 × PE Renault 6Q-01, power, hp 1 × 220
Weight, kg:
Empty plane 2292
Loaded weight 3460
Performance
Maximum speed, km/h 300
Cruising speed, km/h 260
Rate of climb, m/s 3,3
Service range, km 1,000
Service ceiling, m 7,000
Payload, passengers, up to 6


Modifications

  • C.440 - aircraft prototype
  • C.441 - a variant with two Renault 6Q-01 220 hp engines. from. The outer wing panels had a transverse V angle of 3 degrees (4 aircraft were built).
  • C.444 - the first version, which had engines and counter-rotating propellers Renault 6Q-00 and 6Q-01 to overcome the jet torque (17 aircraft were built).
  • C.445 - similar to the C.444 aircraft, but with the transverse V wing increased to 4 degrees (40 aircraft were built).
  • C.445M - military version (404 aircraft built).
  • C.445R - extended range variant; additional fuel tanks were located in the passenger cabin (1 aircraft was built).
  • C.445/3 - one of the main post-war versions with Renault 6Q-10 and 6Q-11 counter-rotating engines (510 aircraft completed).
  • C.446 Super Goeland - experimental version, 1 aircraft built.
  • C.447 - an ambulance plane that could accommodate four stretchers; had additional windows (31 aircraft were built).
  • C.448 - the aircraft is equipped with 6Q-02 and 6Q-03 turbocharged engines with a capacity of 240 hp. from. Takeoff weight increased to 3700 kg (7 aircraft were built).
  • C.449 - the latest production model; 349 aircraft built.
Photo Description

Drawing C.440

Bibliography

  • The Complete Encyclopedia of World Aviation: Aircraft and Helicopters of the 20th Century / Donald D. /
  • World Aviation. Caudron C.440 / C.445M Goeland / de Agostini./