Medium Transport Aircraft
C.440 Goeland - high-speed, economical and comfortable transport aircraft of small passenger capacity. Structurally, it was a twin-engine cantilever low-wing aircraft, combining efficiency with high aerodynamic qualities. The first flight of the C.440 prototype on 5 March 1935.
The two-spar wing was made of pine and plywood, which was used as the skin. The fuselage structure was mostly wooden and had plywood skin, with the exception of the nose and upper dome, which were covered with metal sheets. The cantilever tail assembly also had a wooden structure covered with plywood, and the steering surfaces were linen sheathing.
In the basic version, the plane had a comfortable cabin for six passengers. The commander and co-pilot, who was also a flight radio operator, were located side by side in a cockpit equipped with dual controls. Luggage compartments were located at the front and rear of the fuselage, and the toilet was at the rear of the passenger cabin.
Various versions of the Goeland aircraft were mass-produced until the outbreak of World War II, with the C.445 remaining the main one. Serial production continued during the years of the German occupation, 810 aircraft were built. In addition to many private buyers, the C.440 was also purchased by the national armed forces, the French (Aéromaritime, Régie Air Afrique, Air France).
A total of 1702 Goeland aircraft of all modifications (described below, 1446 aircraft) were built. Production of the С.445M ceased in 1948, and in the mid-1950s the Goeland was removed from service with the French Air Force.
|Wing span, m
|Wing area, m²
|2 × PE Renault 6Q-01, power, hp
||1 × 220
|Maximum speed, km/h
|Cruising speed, km/h
|Rate of climb, m/s
|Service range, km
|Service ceiling, m
|Payload, passengers, up to