Aviation of World War II

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Yer-2 AM-35A/37

Ермолаев Ер-2 с АМ-37
  • Long-range bomber
  • First flight: 1940/41
  • Yermolaev

Soviet political and military leaders were very impressed by early flights of the DB-240 in May 1940 and developed high opinion of it. Factory trials were not even finished when it was pressed in mass production at factory #18 at Voronezh. But the powerplant of the new bomber two M-105 engines had many technological defects and the plane proved to be underpowered, so at the end of the year it was decided to terminate the production. In all 71 planes were produced that had to be put in storage until spring, because the factory was given another important task — mass production of II-2 ground attack planes. Only in May 1941 the first batch of production Yer-2s (new designation of the DB-240 in accordance with Government decision, made in December 1940) got airborne, but none of this planes was handed over to operating units before the German invasion.

In July 1941 two air regiments, specially formed to be equipped with Yer-2s, were ready and became part of the Special Mission Air Division. On the night of 11 August 3 Yer-2s took part in an air raid on the capital of the Third Reich Berlin. In Autumn 1941 operation «Typhoon» (offense on Moscow) began, and Yer-2s had to be employed as tactical bombers, flying bombing missions against troops concentrations, railway iunctions and other targets at frontline zone. These targets were much closer, allowing Yer-2 crews to use capacious bomb bays to good effect sometimes the bombers had loads up to 2500 — 3000 kg of bombs. But the bombers usually flew daylight missions and mainly without fighter escort, moreover difficult weather conditions kept the aircraft at low altitudes, making them vulnerable to German flak. Losses were made even higher by numerous incidents and crashes due to not-cured teething problems of the Yer-2. By the end of the year remained only one operational regiment with about twenty Yer-2s. But in encounters with Bf109Fs of III/ JG51 new bombers fought well. During Autumn they were armed with 0,5-caliber BT machine-guns and could hold their own. There were several instances when crew of a bomber shot down two Bf-109s.

Yer-2 Yer-2 Yer-2 Yer-2
Crew 3 4 4 5
Engine AM-37 M-40F M-30B ACh-30B
Power, hp 2x1400 2x1500 2x1500 2x1500
Length, m 16.232 16.574 16.59 16.65
Wing span, m 21.68 22.33 22.73 23.01
Wing area, m² 72.1 75.3 77.4 79.1
Weight, kg:
Weights, kg: Empty 8872 9700 10360 10820
Loaded 12340 13500 14190 14825
Gross 14500 15000 17650 18415
Max speed km/h 519 440 429 415
at H, m 6750 6000 6000 6000
Service range with bombs 1000 kg km 2540 3800 5500 5300
at speed, km/h 437 370 334 330
Bomb load, kg Normal 1000 1000 1000 1000
Maximum 3000 3000 5000 5000
Defensive Machine gun 7.62-mm   1    
Machine gun 12.7-mm 3 2 3 2
Cannon 20-mm       1

Photo Description
Er-2 with motors AM-35A In 1941-1942 two or three Yer-2 with motors AM-35A (AM-37) have arrived in 421 air regiment. Besides new power installation they from serial machines having 0,5-caliber ВТ machine gun in all flexible mountings.
Yer-2 with motors MB-100 The Yer-2 with motors MB-100 each rated at 2200 h.p. for take-off. It is is well visible bow the engine installatios «have grown stout» with their cross section approached closely to the middle section of the fuselage.
Ер-2 с М-105 в полете Yermolaev Yer-2 with M-105 engines in flight


  • "The history of designs of planes in USSR 1938-1950" /Vadim Shavrov/
  • "Avia Master # 2 1999 " /Al. Medved, Dm. Khazanov/
  • "Planes of Stalin falcons" /Konstantin Kosminkov and Dmitriy Grinyuk/