Aviation of Word War II

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I-16 type 6

Multipurpose Fighter

Polikarpov

I-16 type 6 with M-25A engine - similar to type 5, with M-25A engine of 730 hp, like type 5, armed with two ShKAS machine guns located in the wing , outside the plane of the propeller throwing. First flight in 1937

Taking into account the wishes of the pilots (low reliability of the movable canopy), the designers made the cockpit open with a visor preserved on all subsequent modifications, which was certainly a step back. Flight data corresponded to type 5.

The chassis wheels (750 × 100), which turned out to be too narrow for Spanish airfields, were replaced with wider ones (750 × 150). To protect the surfaces of the stabilizer from small stones flying out from under the wheels, the lower surfaces of the stabilizer and elevators were sheathed with a double layer of canvas.

Polikarpov I-16 type 6
Crew 1
Dimensions
Wing span, m 9.00
Wing area, m² 14.54
Lenght, m 5.99
Height, m 3.00
Powerplant
1 × PE radial, air cooling М-25А, power, hp 1 × 730
Weight, kg
Empty weight 1,119
Loaded weight 1,508
Performance
Maximum speed at sea level, km/h 390
Maximum speed at altitude, km/h 445
Rate of climb, m/min 850
Service range, km 540
Service ceiling, m 9100
Armament
2 × 7.62 mm ShKAS machine guns

During the fighting in Spain, in general, the I-16 performed well. The high reliability of the airframe, the ease of eliminating combat and operational damage led to the fact that individual aircraft underwent 4-5 major overhauls and flew 350-400 hours each. As it turned out, 34.5% of aircraft were out of order per month, the life of one aircraft was 87 days. At the same time, repairs took 16.25%, total losses were 18%. The fact that in the dry Spanish climate the wood in the aircraft structure was not subject to decay (in contrast to Russian conditions) and was in excellent condition was especially noted.

One of the main shortcomings of the I-16 was recognized as its insufficient firepower. The main opponent of the "donkey" - "Moski" - the Italian fighter Fiat CR32 , quickly proved the high efficiency of its onboard weapons, and this with clearly worse flight characteristics. Enemy bullets pierced the newly introduced armored backs, the protection of gas tanks turned out to be insufficiently effective and did not always protect against fire.

Photo Description

Drawing I-16 type 6

Bibliography

  • "The history of designs of planes in USSR 1938-1950" /Vadim Shavrov/
  • "The planes of Stalin falcons" /Konstantin Kosminkov and Dmitriy Grinyuk/
  • "Fighter I-16" /Mikhail Maslov/
  • "The Soviet planes" /Alexander Yakovlev/