Aviation of Word War II

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Dive Bomber


The Pe-2 from 40th Guards BAP of Black sea Fleet, Spring 1942.

The Pe-2 from 40th Guards BAP of Black sea Fleet, Spring 1942.

During the years of the Great Patriotic War, the Pe-2 aircraft found itself used in more applications than just the standard bomber models, and saw widespread use as a fighter, a trainer, and a reconnaissance aircraft as well. Long-range fighters fought over Moscow, and provided reliable air cover for the convoys of their allies as their ships headed towards the northern ports of the USSR. «Peshki» reconnaissance aircraft detected changes in the German forces' dispositions and defenses, and kept up a constant pressure on their airfields and railway links . Thousands of young airmen received their education in bombers while flying in the Pe-2 trainers. As the war dragged on, the design bureau kept up a constant effort in improving the flight technical and combat qualities of the Pe-2 aircraft. The most significant results came in 1944 with the creation of the Pe-2I, the concept of which was based in large measure on the ideas used in the well-known British Mosquito bomber. The Pe-2I, as well as the developed version of the aircraft, the Pe-2M, demonstrated significantly improved flying characteristics which completely satisfied the requirements during the concluding period of the war.

As a whole, the Pe-2 was completely successful as a multipurpose aircraft. It was able to should a tremendous load on it wings during four years of war.

In total 11202 bombers Pe-2 were built during 1941-1945.

Front Bombers
Pe-2 Pe-2 Pe-2FT
Year of issue 1941 1942 1945
Length, m 12.66 12.66 12.66
Wing span, m 17.13 17.13 17.13
Wing area, m² 40.5 40.5 40.5
Weight, kg:
Loaded weight 7540 7775 8405
Maximum takeoff weight 8500 8715 8805
Engine M-105P M-105PA M-105PF
Power, hp 2x1100 2x1100 2x1210
Maximum speed, km/h at sea level 452 434* 468
at altitude 540 515 527
m 5000 4800 3900
Service ceiling, m 8800 8000 8200
Service range with normal bomb load, km 1300 1250 1220
Bomb load, kg Normal 600 600 600
Maximum 1000 1000 1000
Defensive armament Machine guns 4 4 5
Cannon - - -
Crew 3

* - Decrease flight dimensions is caused by amplification of defensive arms.

Pe-2. 110 ser Pe-2. 350 ser at 1944


  • "The history of designs of planes in USSR 1938-1950" /Vadim Shavrov/
  • "Planes of Stalin falcons" /Konstantin Kosminkov and Dmitriy Grinyuk/
  • "The Soviet planes" /Alexander Yakovlev/
  • "Dive bomber Pe-2" /arMada/