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B-17G "Flying Fortress"

Heavy Bomber

Boeing

B-17G Memphis Belle

The design of the B-17G took into account the experience of bombing German cities in 1943 (American pilots noted the insufficient armament of the B-17F, which practically did not protect the aircraft from frontal attacks of German fighters). The main difference of the new modification was the electric turret under the bow compartment. The coaxial 12.7 mm machine gun had remote control. Several single machine guns, which were part of the armament of the previous model, were removed from the plane. Crew of 10 people.

The power plant of the serial V-17 consisted of four 9-cylinder air-cooled radial engines Wright R-1820-97 with a rated power of up to 1200 hp. (895kW). The engines are enclosed in NACA-type annular hoods equipped with controllable louvers starting with the B-17D. The engines are equipped with General Electric B-2 turbochargers (the latest series - B-22), powered by exhaust gases.

On the B-17G, all machine guns are large-caliber 12.7 mm. They were located in the "beard" under the nose (two), along the sides of the navigator's cockpit (two asymmetrically: the left one in the first window from the nose, the right one in the second; K-1 type installations), in the Bendix turret above the flight mechanic's seat ( two), in the radio operator's cabin (one, on the K-2 type installation, removed from the 105-VO series), in the Sperry lower ball turret (two), in the K-6 airborne units in the aft fuselage (one each on the right and left) and in the aft turret (two). The bow, upper and lower turrets are electrified. The total ammunition for the B-17F was 3900 rounds, for the B-17G - 5770 rounds.

The bomb load of the "Fortresses" of the latest modifications was increased to 9600 pounds (4350 kg), and for closely spaced targets - up to 17000 pounds (8000 kg) and even 20800 pounds (9400 kg). The B-17 could carry a wide range of high-explosive, fragmentation, incendiary and special aerial bombs weighing from 100 to 4000 pounds of the M30, M31, M43, M44 and others types. In a combat situation, bombs of British and Soviet models were also suspended. On some modifications, it was envisaged to carry depth and guided bombs of various types. As a rule, the aircraft carried bombs only inside the bomb bay, the B-17F also provided external suspension on two beam holders under the central part of the wing (each with one bomb weighing up to 4000 pounds). The Norden high-precision gyro-stabilized bombsight was located in the very nose of the fuselage. Some B-17Gs also carried the British H2X radar sight, the antenna of which was mounted in a round fairing instead of the lower turret. The crew is protected by armored plates, armored seat backs, and the gunners, in addition, are protected by individual armored skirts.

Deliveries of the new vehicle to combat units began in September 1943. A total of 8680 aircraft of this model were manufactured, their production continued until April 1945. During production, a significant number of changes were made to the design of the machine. The B-17G became the backbone of the American bomber force in Europe in 1944-1945.

Specification B-17 «Flying Fortress»
B-17A B-17E B-17F B-17G
Crew 6 9 9 9
Dimensions
Wing span, m 31.63
Length, m 20.96 22.50 22.78 22.78
Height, m 3.96 5.85 5.82 5.82
Wing area, m² 131.92
Weight, kg:
Empty weight 12,029 14,674 15,450 16,400
Loaded weight 16,783 18,262 22,100 24,950
Maximum takeoff weight 20,707 24,041 25,600 32,659
Powerplant
Write Cyclone R-1820-51 R-1820-65 R-1920-97 R-1920-97
Power, hp 4 × 1000 4 × 1200 4 × 1200 4 × 1200
Performance
Maximum speed, km/h at sea level 436 356 320 290
at altitude 7620 m 475 512 523 462
Cruising speed 370 356 320 257
Time to altitude min 6.2 7.0 25.7 37
to altitude, m 3,000 1,500 6,100 6,100
Ceiling, m 11,582 11,156 11,450 10,850
Range km 3862 3200 2180 3200
with bomb load, kg - 1820 2720 2720
Maximum range, km - 5280 4600 5430
Photo Description

Drawing B-17G

A newly-manufactured B-17-40-VE, serial number (42-97991), enroute. The waist gun positions have been sealed to decrease drag and retain heat during the long ferry flight. (Norm Taylor Collection.)

B-17G-30-DL (42-38091), was one of 2.395 manufactured by Douglas. Over 400 changes were made to the B-17E to achieve B-17F standard. The B-17G incorporated all of these and added the chin turret?.(Norm Taylor Collection.)

Combat veteran B-17Gs of the 600th Bomb Squadron, 398th Bomb Group at Bradley Field, Connecticut are being serviced after their return flight from their wartime base in England. (Norm Taylor Collection.)

B-17G in the square of the Boeing factory in Seattle before being sent to the front.

B-17H (SB-17G)

Search and Rescue Aircraft

B-17H # 44-83719

In 1945, it was planned to specifically convert approximately 130 B-17Gs from the USAAF into a search and rescue aircraft. The development of such an aircraft began back in 1943. The aircraft was equipped with a Higgins A-1 lifeboat located under the fuselage. The boat had a length of 8.2 meters and a weight of 1360 kg and was equipped with two engines. The dumped lifeboat A-1 was a special design, was unsinkable and had an inviolable emergency supply on board. The boat was located under the lower fuselage of the aircraft and was dropped into the sea with three parachutes. The boat was located in the interval from the rear side of the turret fairing in the lower front part of the fuselage to the ball turret and fit snugly against the lower fuselage. After landing on the water, all three parachutes fired back.

The aircraft converted in this way were named B-17H. The exact number of aircraft up to standard H is not known. Different sources give different figures. A number of sources mention only twelve aircraft converted in this way and that all were redesignated as B-17H; and five B-17Hs were later converted to training and re-designated TB-17Hs. Other sources claim that all 130 aircraft were converted, but only 12 of them were redesignated as B-17H, and the rest retained their original designation B-17G. A number of sources claim that all 130 aircraft were designated B-17H.

Some early B-17Hs were designed to fly in war zones and retained their defensive armament. On others, the defensive armament was completely removed and a search radar was placed in the lower front of the fuselage instead of the turret. By the end of the war, only part of the B-17N entered service. Despite this, the B-17H saved the lives of several B-29 crew members shot down in the last bombing of Japan. In the Pacific, the local designation ALB-17G was sometimes used.

After the creation in 1948 by the US Air Force, the B-17Hs were redesignated as SB-17G, with the letter S indicating the primary role of the aircraft "search-and-rescue" - "search and rescue".

F-9 & quot; Flying Fortress & quot;

Long-Range Reconnaissance Aircraft

F-9C Boeing

Boeing F-9 is a long-range reconnaissance, four-engine all-metal monoplane with retractable landing gear. Crew - 9 - 10 people. The F-9 was a reconnaissance variant of the B-17 "Flying Fortress" ("Flying Fortress") heavy bomber. The latter, named Model 299, was designed at the Boeing Airplane Design Bureau under the direction of E. Wells. The prototype bomber made its first flight on June 28, 1935. From December 1936, this aircraft, designated B-17, began mass production at the Boeing plant in Seattle, and in March 1937 it was adopted by the US Army Air Corps.

In 1942, a test conversion of the B-17F into a long-range F-9 reconnaissance aircraft was made at the Seattle plant. From the end of the year, production of serial reconnaissance aircraft began there. A total of 51 copies were made. The F-9 was in service only with the US Air Force - since 1942. In addition, in the UK, Fortress III (B-17G) bombers were converted into radio reconnaissance and radio countermeasures with radar.

F-9A Features
Crew 9
Dimensions
Wingspan, m 31.63
Wing area, m & # 178; 131.92
Length, m 22,78
Aircraft height, m ​​ 5.82
Powerplant
4 × PE Wright R-1820-97 Cyclone 4 × 1200 hp
Weights and loads, kg:
Empty plane 15100
Maximum takeoff 22600
Flight data
Maximum speed, km/h 478
Cruising speed, km/h 320
Practical ceiling, m 10800
Practical range, km 2800
Weapons
12.7mm machine guns 11

From the very beginning of the war in the Pacific, the Americans often used B-17 bombers as long-range reconnaissance aircraft. In August 1942, such an aircraft filmed military objects near Rabaul (New Britain Island). In the same month, the "flying fortresses" photographed the islands of Kiska and Kodiak (Aleutian Islands), captured by a Japanese landing party. The F-9 photo reconnaissance aircraft were used in Europe and the Pacific from the spring of 1943 until the end of the war. In particular, in June 1943, vehicles of this type were conducting reconnaissance of Japanese bases on the Solomon Islands. British Fortress III aircraft with special equipment identified the location of radar stations and guidance posts of the German air defense system, and were also used as countermeasures during massive night raids, creating active and passive jamming.

The release of the last modification, the F-9C, was completed in 1944. The scouts based on the B-17 remained in service with the US Air Force after the war, in 1948 they were renamed RB-17. One of them made the first combat mission for the American Air Force in the Korean War on June 25, 1950. RB-17Gs were used in Korea until the armistice was concluded. Individual aircraft of this type were operated in the Air Force until 1956, and the last aircraft flew in the US Coast Guard until October 1959.

Modifications

  • The F-9 is the first variant based on the B-17F bomber.
  • F-9A is similar to F-9 with differences in equipment.
  • F-9B with another set of cameras.
  • F-9C based on the B-17G bomber, cameras are installed in a ledge instead of a turret under the nose.

Bibliography

B-17G in the skies over Hungary

B-17G from the 99th Bomber Air Group - one of the aircraft that made the first shuttle raid with a landing in Ukraine on June 2, 1944. This B-17G in the skies over Hungary.


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October 07, 2019.
Like everyone who love airplanes am interested in everything about airplanes since aerodynamics till history and tales I think was lucky when I had the to fly in a B17 in Texas during the best 30 minutes
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