The Republic P-47 Thunderbolt designed by Alexander Kartveli, also known as the Jug, was the largest single-engined fighter of its day.
First flown on 6 May 1941, the P-47 was designed as a high-performance fighter/bomber, utilizing the large Pratt and Whitney R-2800 Double Wasp engine to give it excellent performance and a large load-carrying capability. The first deliveries of the P-47 took place in June 1942, when the US Army Air Corps began flying it in the European Theater.
The P-47 was one of the main United States Army Air Force (USAAF) fighters of World War II. The Thunderbolt also served with a number of other Allied air forces. The P-47 was effective in air combat but proved especially adept in the ground-attack role. It had eight 50 caliber machine guns (four per wing).
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