Aviation of Word War II

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TBD "Devastator"

Torpedo bomber

Douglas

TBD-1 over Atlantic, Miami, 1942

The Douglas TBD-1 was the Navy's first widely-used monoplane shipboard plane. Designed to carry a heavy torpedo below the fuselage, it was necessarily a large aircraft and its 900-horsepower Pratt & Whitney R-1830 "Twin Wasp" radial engine could drive it to a maximum speed of slightly over 200 miles per hour.

In 1937 the TDB represented a major improvement over the earlier biplane torpedo bombers of the USN. But in 1941 it was obsolete, and suffered heavy losses.

TBD-1 'Devastator' Specification
Crew 3
Dimensions
Length 10.69m (35 ft 0 in)
Wingspan 15.24m (50 ft 0 in)
Wing area 39.21m² (422 ft²)
Height 4.59m (15 ft 1 in)
Weight
Empty weight 2,804kg (6,182 lb)
Maximum takeoff weight 4,623kg (10,194 lb)
Powerplant
PE Pratt-Whitney Double Wasp, air cooled radial R-1830-64 Cyclone
hp/kW 900/671
Performance
Speed maximum 331 km/h (206 mph)
at altitude 2438 m (8,000 ft)
Service ceiling 6,004 m (19,700 ft)
Service range with 454kg (1,000 lb) bombs 1,152 km (716 miles)
Armament
Two machine guns 7.62 mm (.30 in)
Bombs 454 kg (1,000 lb)

                                                                                                                                                                                                              
Photo Description
Drawing Devastator TBD

Drawing Devastator TBD

Devastator TBD

Devastator TBD

Bibliography

  • "Encyclopedia of military engineering" /Aerospace Publising/
  • "American warplanes of World War II" /under cor. David Donald/
  • "aviAMaster" /#7, 8 Grigoriy Minskiy/