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TBD "Devastator"

Torpedo bomber


Douglas TBD 'Devastator' from Sq VT-2 from an aircraft carrier 'Lexington' © Michael Bykov

Douglas TBD «Devastator» from Sq VT-2 from an aircraft carrier "Lexington"

The Douglas TBD-1 was the Navy's first widely-used monoplane shipboard plane. Designed to carry a heavy torpedo below the fuselage, it was necessarily a large aircraft and its 900-horsepower Pratt & Whitney R-1830 "Twin Wasp" radial engine could drive it to a maximum speed of slightly over 200 miles per hour.

In 1937 the TDB represented a major improvement over the earlier biplane torpedo bombers of the USN. But in 1941 it was obsolete, and suffered heavy losses.

TBD-1 'Devastator' Specification
Crew 3
Length 10.69m (35 ft 0 in)
Wingspan 15.24m (50 ft 0 in)
Wing area 39.21m2 (422 ft2)
Height 4.59m (15 ft 1 in)
Empty weight 2,804kg (6,182 lb)
Maximum takeoff weight 4,623kg (10,194 lb)
PE Pratt-Whitney Double Wasp, air cooled radial R-1830-64 Cyclone
hp/kW 900/671
Speed maximum 331 km/h (206 mph)
at altitude 2438 m (8,000 ft)
Service ceiling 6,004 m (19,700 ft)
Service range with 454kg (1,000 lb) bombs 1,152 km (716 miles)
Two machine guns 7.62 mm (.30 in)
Bombs 454 kg (1,000 lb)


  • "Encyclopedia of military engineering" /Aerospace Publising/
  • "American warplanes of World War II" /under cor. David Donald/
TBD-1 over Atlantic, Miami, 1942